The whole past has created a constant civil war in every human being. The strategy that has been used is to divide you into two enemy camps: the Zorba and the Buddha, the materialist, and the spiritualist.
You are not divided into reality. In reality, you are a harmonious whole. But the conditioning of your mind is that you are not one whole; you have to fight against your body. If you want to be a spiritual being, the body has to be conquered, defeated, destroyed, tortured in every possible way.
This has been the accepted ideology all over the world. In different cultures, different religions, the formulations may be different, but the basic rule is the same: divide man, create a conflict in him so one part starts feeling higher, becomes holy, and starts condemning the other part as the sinner.
The trouble is that you are one; there is no way to divide you. Every division is going to create misery in you. Every division will mean that half of you is fighting with the other half. If you are fighting within yourself, how can you be at ease?
Up to now, humanity has lived in a schizophrenic way. Everyone has been cut into pieces, fragments. Your religions, your philosophies, your ideologies have not been healing processes; they have been the root causes of inner conflict and war.
The West chose to go with Zorba. There was no other way to remain sane—one part had to be completely destroyed, ignored, forgotten. The West denied the inner reality of man, his consciousness: man is only a body, there is no soul. Eat, drink and be merry is the only religion. This was simply a way to find some peace of mind, to get out of the conflict, to come to a decision and a conclusion—by accepting that you are one: just matter, just a body.
The East has chosen the other way: you are the soul and the body is an illusion. Matter does not exist, the world is made of the same stuff as dreams are made of, so don’t be bothered about it. Renounce it, forget all about it; it is not worth taking note of.
The natural tendency will be to decide in favour of the body because the body is there; consciousness you have to search for, you have to go into an inner pilgrimage.