Sa vetti vedyam cha na cha tasyasti vetta |
Tamahuragryam purusam mahantam ||
He is the foremost, the great Infinite Being.
He has no feet or hand yet is so swift and grasps faster than anything.
Now that Infinite Person sees without the eyes, hears without the ears. He knows whatever is to be known; of Him, there is none who knows.
Anoraniyan mahato mahiya-
natma guhayam nihitosya jantoh |
Tamakratuh pasyati vitasoko
dhatuh prasadanmahimanamisam ||
Here, that Supreme Person is again described as subtler than the subtle, and greater than the great. That Self is set in the cave of the heart of the creature. Through the grace of the Creator, he sees and realises him to be the great Lord. One beholds Him as being action-less and becomes freed from sorrow and desires.
When That is seen, when that Supreme Being is seen, then one is freed from sorrow. Through the grace of that Supreme Creator, he sees that the Creator himself is the Lord and experiences oneness with the Supreme Self.
Then, it says:
Vedāham etam ajaraṃ purāṇaṃ sarv-
ātmānaṃ sarvagataṃ vibhutvāt |
Janmanirodhaṃ pravadanti yasya
brahmavādino hi pravadanti nityam ||
There is no birth and death for this Supreme Being–it remains forever, an all-pervading One in the manifold world.
Here, the Rishi says: “I know this un-decaying, ancient primaeval Self of all, present in everything on account of all-pervasiveness, of whom they declare to be eternally free from birth.”
The expounders of that Supreme Brahman proclaim him to be eternal.
There is no birth and death for this Supreme Being—it remains forever, an all-pervading One in the manifold world.
It is present in the heart of all beings and, by surrendering and settling oneself in that centre of consciousness, one attains perfect tranquillity and freedom—which is known as Nirvana, also known as Kaivalya and Sahaja Avastha. It is known as That from which there is no return, it is That which the Upanishads speak of.
It is That which we all seek in understanding the Upanishads; it is perfect, unconditional, absolute freedom, Moksha!
Now, you know what Moksha is! So, watch out for the meaning of the words. Thank you very much!