We had a general discussion on the meaning of the Upanishadic inquiry and its relevance to modern times. Fundamentally, the Upanishads deal with the meaning of life. What is the meaning of life? Where are we going? And so on.
If you think about finding in the Upanishads some tips on how to make money or gain fame, you are looking in the wrong place. But then, if you seek to know the basis of the energy of the mind or the root of consciousness or realise or find out who you are, or what your true identity is, then you are in the right place.
Very often, we lead a long life. We are born, we get married or remain single, get a job, have children, grow old, get sick, die without knowing actually who we are and what our identity is. Upanishads deal with this question and they are all based on dialogue. The teacher does not give a readymade answer. The teacher says, “Now this is the guide to find your answer; go and meditate on it.” So, the disciple goes, meditates and comes back to say, “This is what I have found, but I don’t think it is the answer in its entirety,” and so it continues till he arrives at the ultimate truth with the Teacher’s help.
So, we start now with one of the early Upanishads—the Keno Upanishad, which occurs in the Sama Veda. Sama Veda is the third of the four Vedas and is very important Veda. All the Sama Veda is sung, Sama gayanti. It’s not chanted, it’s sung. So, it deals also with music.